Signs Of Sinus Infection
If you have sinusitis, you’re not alone. The sinusitis is one of the most commonly diagnosed diseases in the United States, affecting over 30 million adults. Americans make nearly 800,000 visits each year for emergencies sinus. More than $ 2 billion is spent each year in the U.S. for more than drugs for disorders of the nose and paranasal sinuses, and about $ 200 million on prescription drugs. In addition, people with sinus problems suffer more than 460,000 sinus surgeries each year in the U.S., which is one of the most commonly performed surgical procedures (1,2).
These figures are for a decade, and health experts expect further increases in the future. Possibly due to pollution and other factors, the prevalence of all respiratory-related ailments – not just sinusitis but also allergies and asthma – is increasing and shows no signs of stabilizing. And not just sinusitis is common, affecting people during their most productive years. It is much more likely to occur between the ages of 20 and 65 years than during childhood or adolescence or later in life.
Signs Of Sinus Infection:
Loss of smell: The roof of the nasal cavity is filled with scent receptors. Inflammation of the membranes of the nose can block the odor molecules reaching these receptors, leaving him with a reduced sense of smell.
Loss of taste: a normal sense of taste, especially the ability to perceive different flavors, depends on an intact sense of smell. Consequently, many people who lose the smell of sinusitis also describe a corresponding decrease in the sense of taste.
Bad breath: The discolored mucus that drains from the infected sinuses and waste contains bacteria that emit malodorous odors. As a result, thick mucus that runs on the back of the throat can cause bad breath (halitosis) when they are exhaled odors.
Cough: When the mucus is running in the back of the throat, which can touch the vocal cords and trigger a cough involuntarily. The cough is often worse when lying down at night or on waking in the morning.
Sore Throat: The thick mucus that drains during a sinus infection is more acidic than normal runny, so it can irritate the membranes that line your throat.
Fatigue: Your body uses extra energy to mount an immune response. This shift of the reserves of calories from normal daily activity of infection-fighting can make you feel tired. In addition, poor nasal breathing and persistent cough during the night can cause poor sleep quality, resulting in less energy during the day.
The fullness of ear inflammation and drainage of the sinuses can block the eustachian tubes, corridors that connect the ear to the back of the nose. If these tubes are blocked, it can develop an uncomfortable sensation of fullness or tightness in the ears.
Rush: Sometimes, the body can mount a fever in response to marked inflammation and the presence of large numbers of bacteria during a sinus infection. Fever is more common in acute rather than chronic sinusitis. Acute sinusitis refers to a sinus infection that lasts less than 4 weeks.
How I can know if I have sinusitis, a cold or an allergy?
Unless you have prior experience with sinusitis, you may have trouble distinguishing it from other illnesses such as colds and allergies. Most common mistake is to confuse the three, because many of its symptoms are similar. But they are actually three different entities with three different causes.
Colds: Considering that sinusitis is often caused by bacteria, colds are caused by much smaller virus. This microorganisms invade the body’s cells, where they reproduce and are eventually released into the bloodstream to invade other cells. The body’s immune system is usually quite effective in controlling viral infections, so that most colds go away in a week. Colds can occur at any time, but are most common during the winter (cold season). What can be confusing is that it is not unusual for a cold to precede a sinus infection.
Allergies: Allergies are usually caused by environmental irritants such as pollen, dust mites or pet dander, not bacteria or irritants virus. This is known as allergens, trigger an immune response that is different from the immune response to infection. During allergic reactions, a molecule called histamine powerful cause of the membranes of upper respiratory tract, including the nose and sinuses swell and mucus mourn. The release of histamine can also trigger repeated sneezing and his nose and eyes itch.
Allergies can be perennial, meaning that occur throughout the year, or season. Allergies to dust and pet dander are often perennial. Seasonal allergies tend to be worse in the spring, when flowers and trees bloom, and fall when ragweed is in the air. As with colds, allergies can trigger the foregoing and sinusitis.
Telling Signs Of Sinus Infection: The decision about how to treat sinusitis, cold and allergy symptoms depends on what is causing it. Here is how to distinguish them.
Medications for sinusitis, a gradual approach
Cold and Allergy; There are five main categories of over the counter drugs of interest for nasal symptoms: decongestants, mucus thinning agents, antihistamines, analgesics and cough suppressants. Most of these drugs are approved to treat the symptoms of colds and allergies, sinusitis not, but because often the victims of the sinusitis have similar symptoms – such as congestion and runny nose – can be useful if you have sinusitis.
Steroids: Steroids can be delivered in the nose in two ways: by spraying or the pill. Both forms are potent inflammatory agents. In short, they reduce inflammation. Steroids act by passing through the cell membranes at its core, stopping the process that causes inflammation at its source.
Steroid nasal sprays are a common and logical step for many sinusitis patients whose symptoms do not respond to over-the-counter treatments. Steroid spray directly into the nose offers the steroid in the relatively high concentration of the nasal membranes, where it can block inflammation in allergies and other causes. Steroid sprays may occur for many months or years with minimal side effects in most people.
Although oral steroids (e.g. prednisone or methylprednisolone) are very effective in reducing nasal inflammation and symptoms of sinusitis can have serious side effects, especially when taken for long periods of time. Furthermore, the effects of oral steroids are often only temporary, returning with nasal inflammation after stopping steroids. For these reasons, oral steroids are usually prescribed for sinusitis in moderation.
Antibiotics: Doctors prescribe the hundreds of billions of dollars each year of antibiotics to people with sinusitis. These bacteria killing drugs are usually effective. In most cases, the antibiotics kill the bacteria causing the infection, allowing inflamed nasal mucous membranes to reduce the size and sinuses to drain.
Unfortunately, not always so simple. Antibiotics are sometimes unable to stop the offending bacteria, or provide a temporary improvement, with a return of symptoms as soon as you stop taking the drug. In addition, antibiotics can be expensive and have side effects.
There are four main classes of antibiotics used to treat chronic sinusitis: penicillins, cephalosporins, macrolide and quinolone, and some other minor categories. Most antibiotics are prescribed for a course of 10 days, although patients often note an improvement in their symptoms of sinusitis within 48 hours after starting the medication. If an infection does not show signs of improvement after 10 days or if an infection goes away, but returns a few weeks, the doctor has two options: to take the first antibiotic again for a long period of time (usually 21 days) or to try a different antibiotic that kills a broader range of bacteria (which is known as a broad “spectrum” antibiotics).