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The nose consists of 7 nasal cavity and the bony parts that contribute to warm and humidify the air that passes. Communicate with the nose through small channels, the cavities (sinuses) cavities. Sinusitis is the accumulation of infected mucus or phlegm in the sinus cavities in children are more affected than those ethmoid and maxillary; in adolescent boys and sinusitis affects more but the frontal sinus, which forms just to the 6 years.
Sinusitis occur mainly during colds and allergic rhinitis, which trigger the production of phlegm. Usually, even without treatment, the cavities are released after about a week.
Sometimes, however, communication with the nasal cavity is obstructed, the normal secretion accumulates in the cavity and paranasal bacteria multiply: it follows a yellow secretion that accumulate on the walls and sometimes pushes escapes, down to the nose. Sometimes the overlying skin around the eyes or cheeks are red and swollen. Swallow the nasal secretions is normal and harmless but can cause nausea. Sinusitis can cause chronic cough (chronic sinusitis).
In older children and young prevails pain in the eyebrows or the sense of tension and pressure around the eyes.
When a small child to get sick is the dominant symptom is a cough (usually most noticeable at bedtime and upon awakening, lasting several days) with or without nasal congestion, greenish yellow mucus persistent, requiring constantly swallowing mucus down the throat.
Paranasal sinus infections are not contagious. The child may return to school or nursery, when general conditions are good enough.
Things to do
1. Hot steam inhalation: used to unblocking the cavities so they can drain. Inhalation of hot steam for 10 or 20 minutes, 4 times a day, may be useful. The easiest method is to cover the nose and mouth with a warm wet cloth and the child to breathe through it, or use a humidifier.
2. Nasal wash: wash the baby’s nose several times a day with saline, when the biggest, teach him to blow his nose, freeing up one nostril at a time.
3. Drugs to relieve pain. If the child has pain, you can give him a pain medication / anti-inflammatory, such as paracetamol, until the cavities are unblocking.
Call your pediatrician immediately if:
• Redness or swelling is present on the cheek, eyelids or forehead.
• The child is very ill.
Call your pediatrician if without urgency:
• your child has a stuffy nose and cough for 2-3 weeks
• a fever
• nasal secretions are yellow and persistent cough has continued, day and night
• presents with pain in the nose or cheeks, that he does not sleep enough
• Diving in water can cause sinus cavities fronts: if the child has a cold, therefore, can swim, but make sure not diving, especially in the past had sinusitis.
• Swimming does not worsen sinusitis, but diving should be prohibited unless the child use the nose plugs.